237131_A1_Week2_ Visual Importance_03/08/2016.

Select an art or design example from the first chapter of Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History, “Ancient Origins” (2014). Upload an image of this example to your blog and write 150-200 words explaining why this example is important. Use Athol Anderson’s text to support your claims.

Matthew McIntyre Wilson, The Price of Change, New Zealand and Cook Island coins, 2009.

Matthew McIntyre Wilson, The Price of Change, New Zealand and Cook Island coins, 2009. (Figure 1)

Pardington, Fiona. Heitiki (female). 2002. Okains Bay Museum, Ngāi Tahu, Christchurch.

Pardington, Fiona. Heitiki (female). 2002. Okains Bay Museum, Ngāi Tahu, Christchurch. (Figure 2)

Hei Tiki is  neck pendants in the shape of  human beings, which were supposedly made to celebrate the advent of mankind (40). These hei tikis were connected to Hine-te-iwaiwa, the wife of Tiki and sister of Maui. Being connected to childbirth, hei tikis were typically given to pregnant women as protection but were worn by men and women.

I have chosen these two examples of hei tiki because I  think they show hei tiki in a new context. Figure 1 is showing how hei tiki is being used to shine light on the history of the nineteenth century. Whereas figure 2 is showing what the hei tiki is and is using this taonga to show her heritage and Māori culture to the wider world, creating more awareness.

Texts Referenced:

Harris, Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney and Aroha. “Ancient Origins.” Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History. New Zealand: Bridget Williams, 2012. 16-41. Print.


237130_A3_Week11_ Visual Work Progression_05/06/2016.

edit three idea


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The four images above are a series of different ways of showing the two genders within one image, I wanted to look into the way the two could become one. Here I explored with the ways that the face is constructed and what distinct features make the face either male or female. Here I played with the eye, nose and mouth area, I wanted to swap them around for change them to create facial features that look masculine and feminine. I quite like the look of Fig.2 because I believe that being able to see the different features of a male and female as well as stereotypical female or male hair helps to enhance the image. I would like to take this idea further and continue this double manipulation and exposure change.

237130_A3_Week11_ Visual Work Idea and Progression_04/06/2016.


The article attached below is showing the work of Wynne Neilly, who photographs the progression of going from female to ‘male’. I found  this work would be good for my project because it is showing the progression of a person from female to male and how it is showing both genders in one series of work. I would like to use the idea of showing both genders in one series/work.










The four images above are what I would like to look into when creating my visual work. I would like to use the idea of layering and double exposure. Fig.1 I like to take inspiration from the most because I feel it can help show the idea of showing the two genders in one image, being able to use different exposures and layers to show something else. From Fig.2 and Fig.4 I would like to take that idea of using double exposure but still being able to see through the layer and see the face.

edit one idea

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The two images above are edits that I have created and I am exploring the ideas of layering and exposure. I have chosen images of one male and one female. I decided to have them black and white because I feel that it adds to the chilling idea of being two people in one body, and that gender can be mixed. I like both images and would like to explore this further.

237130_A3_Week11_ Issue and research_02/06/2016.

In what way do artists/ designers and others show their concerns related to the issue around gender stereotyping?

Sabean, Rion. 16951-593216-will_final. 2011. Men-Ups!, -. Rion Sabean Photography. Web. 02 June 2016.

Sabean, Rion. 16951-593216-will_final. 2011. Men-Ups!, -. Rion Sabean Photography. Web. 02 June 2016. (Fig.1)

Reemtsen, Kelly. Ground Breaking. 2015. -, -. DB Concept. De Buck Gallery. Web. 02 June 2016.

Reemtsen, Kelly. Ground Breaking. 2015. -, -. DB Concept. De Buck Gallery. Web. 02 June 2016. (Fig.2)

When it comes to gender stereotyping we typically relate certain objects/movements towards a gender. For example the image above (Fig.1) is an example of the way artists approach this idea of gender stereotyping and how they break down the stigma around this social issue. Here is one image from the series where men are dressed in masculine clothing and are associated with activities that are described as typically male. Here the poses shown are ones that would be more feminine, as the photographer stated “…applying traditional pinup poses that are reserved for the female form, while still presenting the models in ‘masculine’ clothing.” (Rion Sabean Photography).  From this I will be taking the ideas around gender stereotyping and how to break this down into one visual image.

Fig.2 is part of a collection by Kelly Reemtsen, where feminine figures dressed in dresses are holding an object that is associated to be masculine. Here this creates a visually effective image as well as showing how she is touching on the issue of gender stereotyping. From this I would like to take the idea of bring masculine and feminine together and breaking this stereotype. I would like to introduce the idea of mixing the two together in one visual image.

From looking at these two artists and their ideas around gender stereotyping, I would like the go back to the basics and create a poster expressing the attitudes surrounding gender. I am going to do this by mixing up the two faces of a male and female. I am going to do this through photoshopping faces together and manipulating them to create something visually disturbing but effective when people come across it.


237130_A3_Week10/11_ Defining Terms_01/06/2016.

Defining terms:

Week 10:

Visual Activism – Visual Activism is the use of visual means to portray a message related to a certain issue in society or world-wide.

Citizenship – a persons place within a time or place.

Change Agents – A person in or out a group/ movement/ organization that helps to transform/ positively change it. For example change effectiveness, improvement and development.

Cultural critics – is a critic that is given to a culture, could be considered as a generalization of the particular culture involved.

Protest – a statement or movement expressing dislike or objectification towards something. Protests can be peaceful or violent.

Resistance – refusing or resisting to comply / accept something. This could be social or political.

Week 11:

Agency – an action or intervention producing a certain effect. For example, an invasion of a country could result in an on-going effect of change.

Social Responsibility –  this suggests that the ethnicity of a person or organization, has an obligation to benefit society as a whole.

237130_A3_Week11_ Research Into Gender Stereotypes_30/05/2016.

Adrian Bernal

This article touches on a model called Adrian Bernal who is fronting a magazine article around the ideas of gender-bending. Here he is dressed in clothing like plastic skirts, masculine kilts and vests. In contrast to the clothing, he has a buzz cut look and even though he has a masculine look to him, the clothing chosen is blurring the lines between the two genders.

From this I believe that this is breaking the gender stereotypes and showing what is part of being a person in the 21st century citizen and how gender plays a big part in what person you actually are.

(Article link below)


Kelly Reemtsen

Kelly Reemtsen is a fine-arts painter who paints pictures of women from the neck down to the calfs who are wearing 60s styled dresses. In the paintings the figures hold some type of tool like an axe or spade. I found this artist interesting because it is taking two stereotypical objects and putting them into one image.

I really like the way she has introduced these two stereotypes into one image and I would love to use this idea when creating my final work.

(Artist page below)




237130_A3_Week10_ Question and Artist Concerns_26/05/2016.

What are artist concerns related to your topic and what type of artists are using this topic to express something? 


2a. 2016. -, -. Vivek Shraya. By Vivek Shraya. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.1)


2b. 2016. -, -. Vivek Shraya. By Vivek Shraya. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.2)

Schrager, Leah. Barcode III. 2014. Barcode, Folded, & Low Light. Leah Schrager. Web. 7 June 2016.

Schrager, Leah. Barcode III. 2014. Barcode, Folded, & Low Light. Leah Schrager. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.3)

When looking into the concerns around the representation of gender, sexuality and online identity, I found a lot of media based on feminism and the exploitation of women in society e.g. wage gaps between the two genders. Also a concern that was brought up in the Google+ community is about transgender people and the debate about what bathrooms they can use. When looking into artists concerns, it is stated in the way that these topic like gender etc is used to express an overall bigger picture like the objectification of women or the expression of self issues through gender. An example of expressing an self issue through gender is Vivek Shraya (Fig. 1 and Fig.2). After finding images of her mother three years ago, she decided to use her chosen gender to express her feeling towards the issue and the relationship between her mother accepting her choice and how she has felt about being trapped inside a males body. As her mother prayed for boys, Vivek yearned to be a girl and idolized her mother. The second artist I want to look into is Leah Schrager and the way she uses her gender to express the objectification of women. In Fig.3 packaging has been placed over a self-portrait of Leah herself, with a barcodes. Here we are seeing that she is making herself into object/product by placing the packaging over her self-portrait, trying to add emphasis on this idea of women being objects and not actual people.

From looking into these concerns that artists have and how they have used their gender and sexuality to express this, I believe that I will be looking more into the use of gender and sexuality. I would like to look more into gender stereotypes and how this has an effect on the way gender and sexuality is shown in media/ arts.

237130_A3_Week9/10_ Research and Artists Models_20/05/2016.

Helpful Links for Research connecting to gender, sexuality and social identity: 









Artist Models:

Identity –



Gender –



Sexuality –



237130_A3_Week9_The Changing World and Project Direction_18/05/2016.

 What does Mirzoeff mean by ‘visual activism’ and ‘visual thinking’?

From reading Chapter 7 and the afterword of Mirzoeff’s book  How to See the World, he addresses the ideas about what his interpretations are of visual activism and visual thinking is. Visual activism according to Mirzoeff is the interaction of pixels and actions to make a change (297). Here what he means is that through the use of visual means we are able to portray a personal issue/ connection to an overall wider issue in society, an example could be the artist Zanele Muholi and her connections between gender and social identity (291). Here through out the these two pieces of writing, he has created this idea of visual thinking being how something visual can make you think a certain way about something else, for example Mirzoeff uses the different movements such as the ones Buenos Aires in 2001 and Egypt in 2011 to explain ‘that these movements were the first to use global social media to try and create visual thinking about representation and social change: where do we go from here?’ (259). Therefore he is saying that through these movements, there has been visual thinking as to how the public is represented. I believe that Mirzoeff is also saying that social media and other internet platforms have become a new means of creating awareness of certain social issues and discussions.

Introduction into project direction: 

For my project in assessment three, I will be looking into the ways that visual media is manipulated, changed and how it effects social issues. From this one area I will be looking into is the way advertising influences or manipulations the wider audience and I will also be looking at the ways that images are changed visually, physically and digitally.

After assessment two and reading ‘How To See Yourself’ by Mirzoeff, I would also like to look into the ways visual media is used to represent the concerns around gender, sexuality and online identity and how media is stereotyped into certain genders. From being interested in these two topics, I am going to try and intertwine the two and look at the way visual media is used to manipulate/change the views on gender, sexuality and online identity in the 21st century society.

From here I am going to take Mirzoeff’s idea about what it is to be a citizen in the 21st century. I believe that within chapter 7 and the afterword, being a citizen in this global era is all visual. Everything that we see and receive is somewhat visual and that as citizens we need to be able to understand these visual images. Mirzoeff overall proposes that everything that we are concerned with is shown through the means of visual activism and visual thinking and that being able to adapt to this changing media is part of being a citizen in this global era.

Texts Referenced:

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Changing the World”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 255-285. Print)

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Afterword: Visual Activism”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 289-298. Print)

237130_A2_Week8_Best Work_11/05/2016.

1. 1 x Mind-map (I/S any from wks 4-7): Generative and evidences preparing and planning for a written project: May illustrate or note all or any of the following: maybe expressed through words, phrases, and other visual or textual processes.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

2. Paragraph Writing

a. Upload the 2x paragraphs: See Week 6 Evaluate your writing from weeks 4–6 and select two of your best blog posts (writing with images).

Click these links to view the chosen best blog posts:



b. Upload the paragraph that responds to Week 7 Task 2: In a 100-250 word paragraph for a Blog Post discuss how a visual text can be constructed and read differently considering ‘world view’, ‘ideology’, and ‘the myth ofphotographic truth’ (see Wk 7.2 for further details).

As a person views an visual text, they have a already set perspective or understanding before they have thought about the image critically. One part of this perspective is the viewers ‘truth’ in contrast to the artists ‘truth’. These truths are created from the world view that is held by the person, the construction of the image is different from viewing it thus meaning two different truths. As stated in the video called “A Photographic Truth.”  the truth changes depending on the person (artist/viewer)(Youtube). Here ideology can influenced the construction and the viewing of this image because the person can be influenced by current changes in society/ politics. As society and politics are forever changing, this means that visual texts created are also forever changing.

3. Reflection on paper weeks 1-6 (SeeWk6)

Over the six weeks when doing this blog tasks, I have found resources and created paragraphs that I can use for my essay as well as finding references and reliable visual texts that relate to my essay question. To me the most interesting part of this paper is being able to find visual texts that can relate as well as finding them from a reliable source. It has also been interesting to hear the different perspectives of people relating to my essay question and visual texts. What has worked for me is the tasks that ask to find new visual texts and being able to analyze them throughly enough to use within my essay. The videos have  been helpful when needing to understand the different ideas around an overall main idea and also finding credible resources. There have been some blog tasks that haven’t really worked for me as I felt they aren’t as helpful as some of the other blog posts. Going through analyzing texts from the course reader I feel didn’t really work for me because I feel that I can’t use this within my essay. My ideas have been challenged through introducing ways of looking at the idea through a different perspective. I has been a challenge to go away from my set of ideas and explore new ideas that can relate back to my essay question. Overall these 6 weeks have been helpful and I have now got credible resources and visual texts as well as references that I can use within my essay. Also selecting two of my best blog posts will help me create a format for writing my essay paragraphs.

4. Tool–kit (see Wk 8 Task 1 above)

List at least 12-20 things in total (at least 3 under each heading) 

  • Planning and Preparation

– The Essay Preparation presentation from Week 8.

– Week 4, Task #2A-C making me create a mind-map and re-write the question helped me to understand it better.

-Week 4, Task #3E as this was researching under my essay question/topic.

  • Writing Skills

-Week 4, Task #3A for starting to write a critical response.

-Week 4, Task #1B for reading on how to write for university standards.

-Week 4, Task #1A for researching about what an analytical essay is and what is required within the essay.

  • Content and Visual Text Analysis Tools

-Week 4, Task #3A fro being able to critically look at a visual text and understand undying ideas.

-Week 4, Task #4B for fining my own visual texts that relate to the ideas based around Mirzoeff  and being able to analyse these critically.

-Week 4, Task #4C for a visual analysis and creating some type of format I can follow when analysing other visual texts.

  • Research and Information Gathering Tools and Protocols

-Week 5, Task #2 using a text from the course reader to be able to gather tools for researching and information finding.

-Week 6, Task #1 for the use of key words to create some type of research bank that  I can use later when writing my essay.

-Week 6, task #3 for offering videos that don’t only reference visual texts but also verbal texts, being able to reference these people who are concerned with the same idea.

Cite all source material–in-text and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation, etc.

Ensure all material in A2 Component B My Best Blog Posts 2016 is labeled and archived for easy identification.