Both Mane-Wheoki and Anderson describe how Māori visual and material culture has been framed by predominantly western accounts. Discuss this, using both readings to support your discussion (100 words).
I believe that the Māori visual and material culture has been framed by western accounts because they were first people to actually record the Māori and Moriori through paintings/drawings/written texts (Anderson et al. 136) They are the first people to create accounts of what these people looked like, as in the Māori culture most accounts of perilous times was done orally or through story telling. James Cook is an example of explaining what the people at the time looked like and the respect that was held (Anderson et al. 136). As stated in ‘Art’s Histories in Aotearoa New Zealand’ by Jonathan Mane Wheoki, the Pākehā perspectives and actions were more prominent in art at the time, shaping the way the Māori visual and material culture was portrayed. But now there is potential for a bicultural history of art in Aotearoa New Zealand (9).
Choose an example of 20th century art/design from anywhere in “Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History”. Upload the example to your blog and explain how the work can be considered from a Māori worldview (consider origins, customary practices etc) (100 words).
This painting was painted in 1997 by Emily Karaka, with her works being typically related to the Treaty of Waitangi and political, social and environmental issues. Here she is discussing the contemporary effect/application of the Treaty of Waitangi. This painting is showing the relationship between her iwi and the Auckland government. I believe that this contemporary work shows a Māori worldview because it shows the impacts that history has had and is still having on her iwi and its history. Its also showing that the aftereffects of the Treaty of Waitangi are very effective on the Māori culture and identity, creating an overall confrontational and negative worldview into the effects of the European arrivals.
(Harris, Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney and Aroha. “Chapter Five: In the Foreign Gaze.” Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History. New Zealand: Bridget Williams, 2012. 132-59. Print.)
(Wheoki, Jonathan Mane. “Journal of Art Historiography Number 4 June 2011 Art’s Histories in Aotearoa New Zealand.” Crossing Cultures: Conflict, Migration and Convergence: The Proceedings of the 32nd International Congress of the History of Art. By Jaynie Anderson. Carlton, Vic.: Miegunyah, 2009. 1-12. Print.)