237130_A3_Week11_ Research Into Gender Stereotypes_30/05/2016.

Adrian Bernal

This article touches on a model called Adrian Bernal who is fronting a magazine article around the ideas of gender-bending. Here he is dressed in clothing like plastic skirts, masculine kilts and vests. In contrast to the clothing, he has a buzz cut look and even though he has a masculine look to him, the clothing chosen is blurring the lines between the two genders.

From this I believe that this is breaking the gender stereotypes and showing what is part of being a person in the 21st century citizen and how gender plays a big part in what person you actually are.

(Article link below)

http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/adrian-bernal

Kelly Reemtsen

Kelly Reemtsen is a fine-arts painter who paints pictures of women from the neck down to the calfs who are wearing 60s styled dresses. In the paintings the figures hold some type of tool like an axe or spade. I found this artist interesting because it is taking two stereotypical objects and putting them into one image.

I really like the way she has introduced these two stereotypes into one image and I would love to use this idea when creating my final work.

(Artist page below)

https://www.artsy.net/artist/kelly-reemtsen

 

 

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237130_A3_Week10_ Question and Artist Concerns_26/05/2016.

What are artist concerns related to your topic and what type of artists are using this topic to express something? 

2a

2a. 2016. -, -. Vivek Shraya. By Vivek Shraya. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.1)

2b

2b. 2016. -, -. Vivek Shraya. By Vivek Shraya. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.2)

Schrager, Leah. Barcode III. 2014. Barcode, Folded, & Low Light. Leah Schrager. Web. 7 June 2016.

Schrager, Leah. Barcode III. 2014. Barcode, Folded, & Low Light. Leah Schrager. Web. 7 June 2016. (Fig.3)

When looking into the concerns around the representation of gender, sexuality and online identity, I found a lot of media based on feminism and the exploitation of women in society e.g. wage gaps between the two genders. Also a concern that was brought up in the Google+ community is about transgender people and the debate about what bathrooms they can use. When looking into artists concerns, it is stated in the way that these topic like gender etc is used to express an overall bigger picture like the objectification of women or the expression of self issues through gender. An example of expressing an self issue through gender is Vivek Shraya (Fig. 1 and Fig.2). After finding images of her mother three years ago, she decided to use her chosen gender to express her feeling towards the issue and the relationship between her mother accepting her choice and how she has felt about being trapped inside a males body. As her mother prayed for boys, Vivek yearned to be a girl and idolized her mother. The second artist I want to look into is Leah Schrager and the way she uses her gender to express the objectification of women. In Fig.3 packaging has been placed over a self-portrait of Leah herself, with a barcodes. Here we are seeing that she is making herself into object/product by placing the packaging over her self-portrait, trying to add emphasis on this idea of women being objects and not actual people.

From looking into these concerns that artists have and how they have used their gender and sexuality to express this, I believe that I will be looking more into the use of gender and sexuality. I would like to look more into gender stereotypes and how this has an effect on the way gender and sexuality is shown in media/ arts.

237130_A3_Week9/10_ Research and Artists Models_20/05/2016.

Helpful Links for Research connecting to gender, sexuality and social identity: 

https://www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/gender-and-sexuality-15/gender-414/gender-and-sociology-296-12831/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/16/tibetan-art_n_3762140.html

https://www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/gender-and-sexuality-15/gender-414/gender-and-sociology-296-12831/

https://masculinities101.com/2014/08/25/the-eye-of-the-beholder/

http://blog.oup.com/2011/06/christopher-reed/

http://www.artspace.com/magazine/art_101/body-of-art/body-of-art-gender-fluidity-53246

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/g-roger-denson/yvonne-rainer-cindy-sherm_1_b_873652.html

http://borngay.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000009

Artist Models:

Identity –

http://www.reykjavikboulevard.com/kristina-collender/

http://www.juliecockburn.com

Gender –

http://io9.gizmodo.com/7-bio-artists-who-are-transforming-the-fabric-of-life-i-558156053

http://anateresabarboza.blogspot.co.nz

Sexuality –

http://leahschrager.com

https://www.artsy.net/artist/zanele-muholi

237130_A3_Week9_The Changing World and Project Direction_18/05/2016.

 What does Mirzoeff mean by ‘visual activism’ and ‘visual thinking’?

From reading Chapter 7 and the afterword of Mirzoeff’s book  How to See the World, he addresses the ideas about what his interpretations are of visual activism and visual thinking is. Visual activism according to Mirzoeff is the interaction of pixels and actions to make a change (297). Here what he means is that through the use of visual means we are able to portray a personal issue/ connection to an overall wider issue in society, an example could be the artist Zanele Muholi and her connections between gender and social identity (291). Here through out the these two pieces of writing, he has created this idea of visual thinking being how something visual can make you think a certain way about something else, for example Mirzoeff uses the different movements such as the ones Buenos Aires in 2001 and Egypt in 2011 to explain ‘that these movements were the first to use global social media to try and create visual thinking about representation and social change: where do we go from here?’ (259). Therefore he is saying that through these movements, there has been visual thinking as to how the public is represented. I believe that Mirzoeff is also saying that social media and other internet platforms have become a new means of creating awareness of certain social issues and discussions.

Introduction into project direction: 

For my project in assessment three, I will be looking into the ways that visual media is manipulated, changed and how it effects social issues. From this one area I will be looking into is the way advertising influences or manipulations the wider audience and I will also be looking at the ways that images are changed visually, physically and digitally.

After assessment two and reading ‘How To See Yourself’ by Mirzoeff, I would also like to look into the ways visual media is used to represent the concerns around gender, sexuality and online identity and how media is stereotyped into certain genders. From being interested in these two topics, I am going to try and intertwine the two and look at the way visual media is used to manipulate/change the views on gender, sexuality and online identity in the 21st century society.

From here I am going to take Mirzoeff’s idea about what it is to be a citizen in the 21st century. I believe that within chapter 7 and the afterword, being a citizen in this global era is all visual. Everything that we see and receive is somewhat visual and that as citizens we need to be able to understand these visual images. Mirzoeff overall proposes that everything that we are concerned with is shown through the means of visual activism and visual thinking and that being able to adapt to this changing media is part of being a citizen in this global era.

Texts Referenced:

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Changing the World”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 255-285. Print)

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Afterword: Visual Activism”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 289-298. Print)

237130_A2_Week8_Best Work_11/05/2016.

1. 1 x Mind-map (I/S any from wks 4-7): Generative and evidences preparing and planning for a written project: May illustrate or note all or any of the following: maybe expressed through words, phrases, and other visual or textual processes.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

2. Paragraph Writing

a. Upload the 2x paragraphs: See Week 6 Evaluate your writing from weeks 4–6 and select two of your best blog posts (writing with images).

Click these links to view the chosen best blog posts:

https://bridgettcreativity.wordpress.com/2016/04/21/237130_a2_week5_task1_visual-literacy-_21042016/

https://bridgettcreativity.wordpress.com/2016/04/24/237130_a2_week5_task4_written-paragraph_24042016/

b. Upload the paragraph that responds to Week 7 Task 2: In a 100-250 word paragraph for a Blog Post discuss how a visual text can be constructed and read differently considering ‘world view’, ‘ideology’, and ‘the myth ofphotographic truth’ (see Wk 7.2 for further details).

As a person views an visual text, they have a already set perspective or understanding before they have thought about the image critically. One part of this perspective is the viewers ‘truth’ in contrast to the artists ‘truth’. These truths are created from the world view that is held by the person, the construction of the image is different from viewing it thus meaning two different truths. As stated in the video called “A Photographic Truth.”  the truth changes depending on the person (artist/viewer)(Youtube). Here ideology can influenced the construction and the viewing of this image because the person can be influenced by current changes in society/ politics. As society and politics are forever changing, this means that visual texts created are also forever changing.

3. Reflection on paper weeks 1-6 (SeeWk6)

Over the six weeks when doing this blog tasks, I have found resources and created paragraphs that I can use for my essay as well as finding references and reliable visual texts that relate to my essay question. To me the most interesting part of this paper is being able to find visual texts that can relate as well as finding them from a reliable source. It has also been interesting to hear the different perspectives of people relating to my essay question and visual texts. What has worked for me is the tasks that ask to find new visual texts and being able to analyze them throughly enough to use within my essay. The videos have  been helpful when needing to understand the different ideas around an overall main idea and also finding credible resources. There have been some blog tasks that haven’t really worked for me as I felt they aren’t as helpful as some of the other blog posts. Going through analyzing texts from the course reader I feel didn’t really work for me because I feel that I can’t use this within my essay. My ideas have been challenged through introducing ways of looking at the idea through a different perspective. I has been a challenge to go away from my set of ideas and explore new ideas that can relate back to my essay question. Overall these 6 weeks have been helpful and I have now got credible resources and visual texts as well as references that I can use within my essay. Also selecting two of my best blog posts will help me create a format for writing my essay paragraphs.

4. Tool–kit (see Wk 8 Task 1 above)

List at least 12-20 things in total (at least 3 under each heading) 

  • Planning and Preparation

– The Essay Preparation presentation from Week 8.

– Week 4, Task #2A-C making me create a mind-map and re-write the question helped me to understand it better.

-Week 4, Task #3E as this was researching under my essay question/topic.

  • Writing Skills

-Week 4, Task #3A for starting to write a critical response.

-Week 4, Task #1B for reading on how to write for university standards.

-Week 4, Task #1A for researching about what an analytical essay is and what is required within the essay.

  • Content and Visual Text Analysis Tools

-Week 4, Task #3A fro being able to critically look at a visual text and understand undying ideas.

-Week 4, Task #4B for fining my own visual texts that relate to the ideas based around Mirzoeff  and being able to analyse these critically.

-Week 4, Task #4C for a visual analysis and creating some type of format I can follow when analysing other visual texts.

  • Research and Information Gathering Tools and Protocols

-Week 5, Task #2 using a text from the course reader to be able to gather tools for researching and information finding.

-Week 6, Task #1 for the use of key words to create some type of research bank that  I can use later when writing my essay.

-Week 6, task #3 for offering videos that don’t only reference visual texts but also verbal texts, being able to reference these people who are concerned with the same idea.

Cite all source material–in-text and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation, etc.

Ensure all material in A2 Component B My Best Blog Posts 2016 is labeled and archived for easy identification.

237130_A2_Week8_Task#1_Tool-Kit_11/05/2016.

List at least 12-20 things in total (at least 3 under each heading)

  • Planning and Preparation

– The Essay Preparation presentation from Week 8.

– Week 4, Task #2A-C making me create a mind-map and re-write the question helped me to understand it better.

-Week 4, Task #3E as this was researching under my essay question/topic.

  • Writing Skills

-Week 4, Task #3A for starting to write a critical response.

-Week 4, Task #1B for reading on how to write for university standards.

-Week 4, Task #1A for researching about what an analytical essay is and what is required within the essay.

  • Content and Visual Text Analysis Tools

-Week 4, Task #3A fro being able to critically look at a visual text and understand undying ideas.

-Week 4, Task #4B for fining my own visual texts that relate to the ideas based around Mirzoeff  and being able to analyse these critically.

-Week 4, Task #4C for a visual analysis and creating some type of format I can follow when analysing other visual texts.

  • Research and Information Gathering Tools and Protocols

-Week 5, Task #2 using a text from the course reader to be able to gather tools for researching and information finding.

-Week 6, Task #1 for the use of key words to create some type of research bank that  I can use later when writing my essay.

-Week 6, task #3 for offering videos that don’t only reference visual texts but also verbal texts, being able to reference these people who are concerned with the same idea.

 

237130_A2_Week7_Task#4_Question to Topic Question_11/05/2016.

You will by now have some good background knowledge on your essay topic.

  • Revisit the ideas you are addressing in your essay and list them.

-Gender influences on self-portaiture

-14th Century Renaissance portrait influences

-Introduction of photography into self-portraiture

-21st Century selfie taking

-Manipulation of images.

  • Re-read your essay question.

– ‘How to see yourself’ (Mirzoeff, Chapter 1. 31-69) draws attention to the changing nature of imagining, and of imaging identity and ‘the self’. Discuss some of the different ways that representations of identity have shifted over time. Draw upon some of Mirzoeff’s examples to explain different concerns artists, photographers and others have had about identity which have influenced the kinds of visual texts they produce. Use least one example from Mirzoeff and find 1-2 other examples. The discussion should explore historical change or how a marginalised identity confronts dominant identities.

  • Show your selected visual texts and discuss your ideas with your friends, peers, whanau, family, parents or flat-mates– this is a helpful focus exercise because you will have to explain your thinking to people who might be fresh to the ideas and the relationships you are making between those and the visual texts.

When showing the visual texts, I had to explain what they related to and the connections back to the overall main ideas that Mirzoeff is trying to show us. The images I have chosen for my gender referencing paragraph are good because through pervious analysis I have the evidence to back-up my claims being made. Also the main image for my 14th century portraiture paragraph is good as Mirzeoff has used this image to explain his ideas that I can also relate back to my idea too.

  • What are their thoughts? Did they have a different perspective?Or did they offer you different or new ideas to think about?

Their thoughts were that I had to make sure I am clear with my historical facts as well as making sure that the evidence is relevant. Also making sure that citations are correct and images are relevant to the idea.

  • What questions did they ask you?

They asked me how I was going to approach talking about each topic which is going to be through the history from the 18th century through to the 21st century.

Following on from above:

  • List the 3-5 key ideas you have focused your essay discussion on.

-Representations of identity changing overtime.

-The evolution of self-portraiture

-The history of self-portraiture form 19th century to 21st century

-The manipulation of images and power of the artist

  • Turn the 3- 5 key ideas into questions.

-How has the representation of identity changed overtime?

-What is the evolution of self-portraiture?

-How has the history of self-portraiture changed from the 19th century to the 21st century?

-How does the artist manipulate the image and have power over it?

  • Then turn each question into a succinct single sentence statement.

-The representations of identity have changed overtime.

-The evolution of self-portraiture is shown through history.

-Self-portraiture has changed overtime from the 19th century to the 21st century due to the introduction of technology.

-Due to having power over the image, artists are able to manipulate and change the image.

  • Re-read your essay question and the different re-phrasings of it you made in I/S Wk4.
  • Do the single sentence statements relate to your essay question?

I think that these statements relate to my essay question because I have taken words from the essay question and tried to expand them to be able to use them to create an argument or agreement with ideas stated within Mirzoeffs chapter.

Write a paragraph by combining each of the single sentence statements and connect these to the ideas in essay question you are answering. Revise and edit it and upload as a Blog Post for this week (100-170 words)

(Cite all source material–in-text citations and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation).

In this essay question, it asks me to question how the representations of identity have changed overtime. When looking into this question, I questioned how the evolution of self-portraiture is shown through history. When researching for the history around the evolution of self-portraiture, I found that self-portraiture has changed overtime from the 19th century to the 21st century due to the introduction of technology. Here I was able to investigate how technology has changed the showing of the self and due to having power over the image, artists are able to manipulate and change the image. Here I was able to understand that technology and the artist are able to manipulate the image and how this has effected the showing of self-portraiture through-out history.

Reflect on this paragraph and consider it as a possible draft for an introduction or conclusion?

This could be a draft for an introduction but I feel that this wouldn’t be a strong introduction because I feel it doesn’t go in depth enough about the ideas that Mirzoeff is trying to portray in this chapter. For the introduction I need to establish his ideas as well as my own in relation to the chapter. I need to also state visual texts being used.

Texts Referenced:

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “How to See Yourself”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)

237130_A2_Week7_Task#3_Contextual Understanding_11/05/2016.

In a Blog Post demonstrate contestation or argument by producing a compare and contrast table or use an online mind map generator. Consider one idea and refer to visual texts and authors you intend discussing in your essay.

  1. List a key idea, concern, or issue which might be contestable.
  2. Why is it important?
  3. What relevant visual text/s will you refer to around the idea? Or what visual texts will you compare and contrast?
  4. What authors will you refer to? Consider written texts–by Mirzoeff and others, video presentations, podcasts, and online feeds and discussions located from last weeks I/S.

    List the different author’s viewpoints, perspectives on the idea or issue? What does each say? (refer to what they say not what you think they say).

5. What is their justification and evidence for their take on the idea or issue?

(Cite all source material–in-text citations and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation).

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Reflect on how you might work contestation or different perspectives into your essay?

This can help create a contrast to the ideas Mirzeoff states in the chapter and this can also help to create perspective on the topic. This can help to understand how identity is represented and what can effect this when people are creating visual texts. Identity can be influenced by may things and that it can effect their overall visual text construction.

Texts Referenced:

(MontyPython. “Argument Clinic – Monty Python’s The Flying Circus.” YouTube. YouTube, 14 Nov. 2008. Web. 10 May 2016.)

(Crashcourse. “Social Thinking: Crash Course Psychology #37.” YouTube. YouTube, 03 Nov. 2014. Web. 10 May 2016.)

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “How to See Yourself”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)

(Crashcourse. “Social Influence: Crash Course Psychology #38.” YouTube. YouTube, 11 Nov. 2014. Web. 10 May 2016.)

 

237130_A2_Week7_Task#2_Seeing the World_11/05/2016.

Consider this weeks lecture presentations by Erna and Dick and view Indigenous World Views vs Western World Views (237 130 Stream in Wk 7. Section). Reflect on the questions below and draft some brief responses.

  • What is your own world view? And where might those world view ideas have come from?

My world view is built on what I grew up with. My world view would be upon equality and an idealised world with no war, starvation or loss of innocent lives. Through my life I have believed that everyone should be as one and learn to continue along together as one. But I understand that this is something everyone wants but can’t have.

  • How do you think your world view shapes the way you see yourself, others and the world?

My world view is something that I take into account subconsciously when looking at myself and others.  It would shape the way I view people because I would try to find people who have the same world view as myself or are trying to create a better understand of the world around us and how we fit into it.

  • How might you connect world view, ideology, identity, and a personal perspective, and/or differentiate between them?

World view and personal perspective is somehow connected. Without having a world view we wouldn’t be able to create this perspective we hold. Having an identity is connected to all three ideas because we have an identity to differentiate ourselves from others and we are influenced by our perspective to create this identity we hold. Whether that identity is the same in person as online is different idea. Ideology is something that is influenced by society and how this can influence our perspective to follow the modern ideology of society.

  • You get your sense of belonging in relation to others who share a set of values, beliefs and ways of being in the world, can you identify some aspects of that collective world view that marginalise or subordinate other world views.

Coming from a western society I have a sense of belonging with people who also come from that society or people who are influenced by our society. When having a collective world view, we all have this same culture. For example like America and Britain, we all relate to each other because we connect with the same world view like world peace or materialised living. We all connect through our culture.

  • If your world view is the dominant and/or the most widely accepted and unchallenged world view what might it be like if your world view became the marginalised, un-noticed, or a disregarded world view?

If my work view is unnoticed I wouldn’t feel part of anything. I would come to believe that I was the only one with this view. With a world view being disregarded would make my opinion feel unnoticed. Feeling like this would lead to revolutions like it has through-out history.

  • How might the dominant world view see you and expect you to live out your life?

In this westernised culture, it would be seen that I get a job and work hard through out my life. But as this western culture changes there isn’t really an expectation on how to live my life, I live it how I would want to and not what is expected of me.

  • Return to the Sheilagh Walker text ‘Writing From the Gut: Kia tau the rangimārie’ (fromwk1&3) as she offers a world view and perspective on academia. Now what would you say about world view or her argument.

Her argument is the understanding of different cultures within an academic environment. With these already made expectations of Māori not going to university she is describing what it feels like to be put into the margin of expectations and how she is trying to break these expectations or change peoples opinions. She doesn’t like the enigma based around Māori students at university.

  • What might Mirzoeffs world view be?

Mirzoeff’s world view is based around what is shown visually and how this effects our view on the world. He is trying to get the audience to understand how through-out history and different means of visual images can manipulate a person to adapt or change their world view.

  • What would you say if you were to argue that ones world view has a part to play in the construction of a visual text and reading a visual text differently.

I would argue that a persons world view does effect the visual text they construct because this is what the believe and is the main point they are trying to portray within their work. They use these influences to influence others that have the same world view.

In a 100-250 word paragraph for a Blog Post discuss how a visual text can be constructed and read differently considering ‘world view’, ‘ideology’, and ‘the myth ofphotographic truth’. You might want to refer to the questions below as prompts for a draft of your paragraph, and you can refer to visual texts.

1. How might ‘world view’, ‘ideology’, and ‘the myth of photographic truth’ relate to each other?
2. How might they be considered when critically evaluating the producer of a visual text?
3. How might the ideas be considered when critically evaluating the audience of a visual text?
4. How might a visual text represent, affirm, normalise, and promote a dominant world view?
(Cite all source material–in-text citations and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation).

As a person views an visual text, they have a already set perspective or understanding before they have thought about the image critically. One part of this perspective is the viewers ‘truth’ in contrast to the artists ‘truth’. These truths are created from the world view that is held by the person, the construction of the image is different from viewing it thus meaning two different truths. As stated in the video called “A Photographic Truth.”  the truth changes depending on the person (artist/viewer)(Youtube). Here ideology can influenced the construction and the viewing of this image because the person can be influenced by current changes in society/ politics. As society and politics are forever changing, this means that visual texts created are also forever changing.

Reflect on how these ideas might influence your thinking and making as an artist, designer or photographer?

These ideas can influence my thinking because it could make my work could not only be for myself but also for people who hold the same ideas/ world view as myself. I can reach an mass audience if I am able to create work based around something everyone is concerned with like environmental change etc.

Texts Referenced:

(Metmuseum. “A Photographic Truth.” YouTube. YouTube, 26 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Apr. 2016.)

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “How to See Yourself”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)

(Cartwright, Lisa. “The Myth of Photographic Truth.” Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. By Marita Sturken. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 16-22. Print.)

237130_A2_Week7_Task#1_Truth Value_11/05/2016.

List 2-5 key ideas that resonate with you and write down what you found interesting about them.

  • The truth changes depending on the person.

I found this concept interesting because this can relate back to contextual thinking and the way each person individually interpret a visual text. The ‘truth’ around the image changes with the way you as a person decides to understand the image and the context around it.

  • Nothing truthful about photography.

This concept interested me because this is implying that all photographic images since the beginning of photography were somehow manipulated, whether it was form colour to rotation of the image to negative/positive images.

  • Photographic truth – the medium, the one the photographer wants us to feel and our own truth.

There can be many truths coming form the one image, whether it is the medium like positives/negatives, coloured images, texture to the one the photographer wants us to see whether that may come from manipulation of the negative or taking away/adding into the image. From this we can create our own truth from the different truths being shown. We the viewer can decide the overall truth for ourselves. This overall concept I found fascinating.

Artists/Photographers/Designers Making Meaning (lists and sentences or a paragraph)

2. An analysis of a photographic image requires we consider what technologies were used by the image-maker, and how those technologies have been put to use in the making of the visual text.

  • List some of the similarities and differences between the different imaging technologies?

When comparing the  imaging technologies, there are obvious differences between the camera and painting, one is the use of technology and the other isn’t. Another difference could be the use of movement, for example we can create a moving image (video) whereas with painting you can’t. One similarity between the imaging technologies is that they can portray the same thing even though they are different medians of working. A similarity is also that all imaging technologies can be manipulated, the artist, designer or photographer have power of the image and are able to manipulate them.

  • Camera technologies are argued to depict or represent ‘reality’ and/or a view of the world, places, events, people, history, etc.- so why is it important to take account of them when thinking critically about a visual text, especially an image such as a photograph, film, digital image, or a video game?

Its important to take these ideas into account because they can help create context to be able to think critically about the visual text. We also need to remember that these types of images from video games, film, photographs etc. can be easily changed and manipulated. We need to sometimes understand that there is a distinct difference between the virtual reality and what actually  is reality.

  • Digital technologies offer an image producer the means to construct alternate and virtual realities, explain how, and explain how are they different or similar to analogue technologies?

Digital technologies have been dramatically changing over time, with these technologies forever developing, image producers are able to create these realities. They have the power over the image to create something they can to see, not what is necessarily there. The difference between the analogue and digital technologies is that digital is always adapting and changing, with new developments being made this technology is changing whereas analogue is almost stuck in one place. Once something is made or developed it can’t be extended any further.

3. What do the authors/presenters propose is important about how technologies are put to use by the image producer. Consider these ideas in relation to both historical and contemporary image making practices.

What they are trying to say is that we as people need to remember that every image that is digitally created could have been manipulated and that we cannot say that is how the image actually was/is. In relation to historical image making practices, it was shown the in ‘A Photographic Truth’ that images back near the beginning of photographic means that image manipulation was happening then and now with contemporary image practices this is still happening.

Reflect: How might these ideas be relevant to your essay topic and an analysis of the visual texts you have selected for your essay topic.

These ideas could be every relevant to my essay topic because I am writing about the introduction of photography into self-portraiture. I could use these ideas around manipulation to add into my essay as a point of interest. This can also help me when analysing visual texts as I can try to understand if an image is manipulated or staged.

Consider the above readings, presentations, ideas and exercises. In a Blog Post explain the notion of ‘The Myth of Photographic Truth’ and why it is important to an analysis of visual texts. Refer to your essay topic, a selected visual text and the technologies used to construct it/them, and refer to the terms denotation and connotation.

(Cite all source material–in-text citations and bibliographic citations: MLA captions; MLA in-text referencing for online sources, lecture presentations, video presentation).

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Being able to understand the photographic truth within images are very important because it is what helps us to understand these images better. From the artists truth to our own truth, we need to take into consideration manipulation and staging of the image. We need to use these ideas around the truth when analysing an image because we need to take into account what the of power the artist had over the image and what they wanted us to see within their image. In relation to my essay topic, the image above is one I will be using in visual analysis. This is a photographic image with the ideas of gender and how one person can be two genders. This image is staged and might be manipulated with a filter to change the appearance to give it a gloomy/cold feeling. I believe that this image is more a denotative image because it shows a more cultural associations and meanings, trying to relate to the growing society of LGBT community.

Reflect on how could might utilise the ideas in this section in an essay paragraph?

I could utilise these ideas into the gender section of my essay as this can help to explain the relationship between the audience and artist. What truth they create from the image and what one was trying to be portrayed.  I could use the idea of denotative and connotative when analysing other visual texts I am going to use in my essay and explain them within my paragraph in relation to Mirzoeff’s ideas.

Texts Referenced:

(Metmuseum. “A Photographic Truth.” YouTube. YouTube, 26 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Apr. 2016.)

(Cartwright, Lisa. “The Myth of Photographic Truth.” Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. By Marita Sturken. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 16-22. Print.)

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “How to See Yourself”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)