237130_A2_Week6_Task#4_Reflection on Learning_29/04/2016.

Previous 6 Week Reflection:

Reflect on the previous 6 weeks and consider what your learning been. You can refer to the following questions as prompts.

• From a personal perspective what has been the most interesting to you so far in this paper?

• Think about the content, readings, resources, tasks and approach, so far. Comment on what has worked for you? Why?

• What has not worked so well for you? Why?

• How have your ideas, assumptions, knowledge’s and ways of working been challenged?

Over the six weeks when doing this blog tasks, I have found resources and created paragraphs that I can use for my essay as well as finding references and reliable visual texts that relate to my essay question. To me the most interesting part of this paper is being able to find visual texts that can relate as well as finding them from a reliable source. It has also been interesting to hear the different perspectives of people relating to my essay question and visual texts. What has worked for me is the tasks that ask to find new visual texts and being able to analyze them throughly enough to use within my essay. The videos have  been helpful when needing to understand the different ideas around an overall main idea and also finding credible resources. There have been some blog tasks that haven’t really worked for me as I felt they aren’t as helpful as some of the other blog posts. Going through analyzing texts from the course reader I feel didn’t really work for me because I feel that I can’t use this within my essay. My ideas have been challenged through introducing ways of looking at the idea through a different perspective. I has been a challenge to go away from my set of ideas and explore new ideas that can relate back to my essay question. Overall these 6 weeks have been helpful and I have now got credible resources and visual texts as well as references that I can use within my essay. Also selecting two of my best blog posts will help me create a format for writing my essay paragraphs.

237130_A2_Week6_Task#3_Contextual Knowledge_28/04/2016.

Videos Related to Essay Question and helping to understand contextual knowledge.

Critically Evaluate one or more of the selected video presentations by considering the following: (50-150 words)

• What is the topic of video/s?

• What questions does this raise for you?

• How might the relevant issues, events, ideas, calls to action, debates, and the points raised be integrated into your essay.

• Do you to think issues like this are important for of artists or designers to think about – explain why?

Reflection: How are you now more informed about the subject than you were before watching this?

Video One: “6 Artists On Black Identity.”

The topic of this video is how the black society are seen within the visual world. As said by Kerry James Marshall, we now live within a material world that shapes our expectations. If we don’t see different ethnicities with museums then we won’t expect it and we won’t be able be comfortable with our identity. This raised the question of what type of identity is shown within the visual world, and how we can break out of only portraying white ethnicity. These points can be used in my essay because it can help put an understanding to why people created self-portraits, as it was confirming what identity they wanted to hold. To be proud of who they are. These issues can be important for artists and designers because it help create a contextual idea of how to look at themselves as an artist, how they can express themselves past the color of their skin. This can used to change the visual world to start accepting people past the color of their skin or who they identify themselves with.

Video Two: “Personal Identity Is Complex and Intricate.”

This video touches on the idea of how people identify with the Māori culture and whether people are actually Māori or not. Here they discussed how it is believed that you can only identify yourself as Te Aro Māori if you speak the native language. This raised the question of how as a community we can come together to identify as one, whether or not they do or do not speak Te Aro Māori. These points could be integrated into my essay when it comes to talking about a specific identity to relate to, I could take the idea of how people actually identify as one and the way people can relate to self-portraits of other through relating what is actually being shown like gender, race, class etc. This also created the debate of how one thing can define your identity, for example within the video it was said that because someone didn’t speak the language, they can’t identify with that culture. This could be used when identifying gender and what you are born with and what you show to the public eye. Once again this can help the way artists perceive their identity within their art and how they want to portray it and show who they actually identify with that ethnicity.

Reflection: How are you now more informed about the subject than you were before watching this?

I am more informed about the different ways people define how you as a person can identify with a certain ethnicity. When shown visual texts we as humans can create an expectation of who we need to relate to as an identity. From this I would like to take the idea of  how self-portraiture can break the boundaries of how people relate to something like gender, class, race etc.

Texts Referenced and Links to Video(s):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LySsIQOU1Lg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmiNRWxA5Hc

(TheLouisianaChannel. “6 Artists On Black Identity.” YouTube. YouTube, 31 Mar. 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2016.)

(Maraetvnz. “Personal Identity Is Complex and Intricate.” YouTube. YouTube, 27 June 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2016.)

237130_A2_Week6_Task#2_Analysis Ideology_27/04/2016.

Images and Ideology and What is Ideology?

1. Define ideology in 30-75 words and situate in your glossary.

Ideology is the ideas around society or politics based on social theory, it can invert and obscure the way things are and thinking of ideas that are detached from history. Ideology helps to define and understand how current politics and society works and stating it as a natural and unchangeable thing. Ideology is always working when it comes to personal and naturalized situations.

2. Refer to one of your selected visual texts to explain why you think ideology is an important consideration when analysing this visual text. (30-75 words)

Velázquez, Diego. Las Meninas. 1656. Museo Nacional Del Prado, Spain. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Velázquez, Diego. Las Meninas. 1656. Museo Nacional Del Prado, Spain. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Ideology can come into play when thinking about who is being shown within this image. With ideology being the idea of politics and society based on social theory, we can see the politics of the image being the royal family of Prince Philip IV of Spain. Ideology can help during analysis of this visual text because it can help us to understand ideas through politics and where these people within the image would have stood in society.

Reflection : will you use this as a draft for an essay paragraph?

I think that I could use some of the ideas from this paragraph but I don’t think this would be a good structure for my essay. From this I can take the ideas around ideology and think about them when analyzing the visual text used for each paragraph, then use these ideas when writing my overall essay paragraph.

Texts Referenced and Link to Video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKWwc5C1_Es

(Cartwright, Lisa. “Images and Ideology.” Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. By Marita Sturken. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 22-26. Print.)

(NovaraMedia. “What Is Ideology? – Terms of Engagement.” YouTube. YouTube, 29 Nov. 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2016.)

237130_A2_Week6_Task#1_’This Stuff’_26/04/2016.

Select key words or phrases  from your essay question, and other words or phrases more specific to the direction your essay will take. Locate online discussion groups or feeds  on your topic and link  these to your blog, e.g. Twitter, YouTube, Google+Communities, Livejournal, etc.

Key words or Phrases from essay question:

Changing identity. ‘the self’. Representations of identity. Artists, photographers concerns with identity. Historical change of identity.

Changing identity:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WRiGZJQZ_X4

https://www.thersa.org/discover/publications-and-articles/rsa-blogs/2013/01/is-social-networking-redefining-identity/

Representations of identity:

http://www.academia.edu/3249543/_Representations_of_Identity_Ethnicity_Race_Class_Gender_and_Religion._An_Introduction_to_Conceptual_History_._In_co-editor_Stefan_Berger_The_Contested_Nation._Ethnicity_Religion_Class_and_Gender_in_National_Histories_Palgrave_Macmillan_Houndsmills_2010_24-60

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6HLDV0T5Q8

Artists, photographers concerns with identity:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NICodKeadp0

http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/exploring-image-and-identity-through-posters-and-photographs/

http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/painting/page-9

http://www.marquette.edu/haggerty/documents/HAG_Truth_Book_09.pdf

Historical Change of Identity:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GStuAe4hivc

http://www.albany.edu/~muraven/publications/promotion%20files/articles/baumeister%20&%20muraven,%201996.pdf

http://www.developmenteducationreview.com/issue7-focus4?page=show

237130_A2_Week5_Task#4_Written Paragraph_24/04/2016.

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016. (Fig.1)

Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMALearning. MoMA. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMALearning. MoMA. Web. 22 Apr. 2016. (Fig.2)

For creating this paragraph, I am going to create a question that I can start my paragraph off with and then go into further analysis to help the reader gain contextual knowledge about the text and better depth of understanding. How the image is significant to the topic.

Created question: How does this visual text reflect the use of gender in self-portraiture?

When studying an image considered to be a self-portrait, we need to understand the context of the image. These visual texts are examples of how gender is used to portray ideas or a type of performance. The image (Fig.1) is created by Jürgen Klauke in 1972 is part of the collection called ‘Transformer’, where multiple self-portraits have been made, blurring the lines between the two genders. As said by Simone de Beauvoir, ‘One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman’ (qtd. in Mirzoeff 52),  I believe this will help create an understanding about this type of self-portraiture because gender can be used to convey an idea or some type of performance, it is something us humans can relate to. We can all connect to a gender even if it is one we weren’t given by nature. Self-portraiture of gender is shown through photographic and painting means. For example, from my blog post, 237130_A2_WEEK5_TASK#3_TASK A_23/04/2016. I have used a painting by Frida Kahlo (Fig.2) to show the use of gender within visual texts. This image is showing her emotional response to her husband leaving by wearing masculine clothing and having a cropped style hair cut. In relation to the first visual text (Fig.1) they are both using gender as a form of communication, in this case Frida Kahlo is using it to show emotion. Through understanding the background behind the image, we’re able to understand the emotional connection to the painting and create a personal connection to the visual text.

Texts Referenced:

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Chapter One. How to See Yourself.”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)

(Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMALearning. MoMA. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.)

(Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.)

(Klauke, Jürgen. “JÜRGEN KLAUKE – Fotografie.” JÜRGEN KLAUKE – Fotografie. Jürgen Klauke, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2016.)

(Tangaere, Bridget. “237130_A2_WEEK5_TASK#3_TASK A_23/04/2016.” Web log post. Bridget T Creativity. WordPress.com, 23 Apr. 2016. Web. 25 Apr. 2016.)

237130_A2_Week5_Task#3_Task A_23/04/2016.

Task A – Locate from a credible source, one visual text you will use in your essay. (This can include a visual texts from Wk4 I/S)

a. Brainstorm/Mind Map : Look closely at the visual text, refer directly to what is ‘in’ the image (the subject) and identify ideas or points you think are important to consider about this image in building context. Consider why?

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Klauke, Jürgen. Self Performance. 1972. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

b. Situate 1-2 historical or contemporary visual texts you might use in your essay.

Klauke, Jürgen. Masculin/Feminin I. 1974. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Klauke, Jürgen. Masculin/Feminin I. 1974. New York. JÜRGEN KLAUKE. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMALearning. MoMA. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

Kahlo, Frida. Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair. 1940. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMALearning. MoMA. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

c. Link what is ‘in’ the image’s to those ideas and claims you have identified by collaging or mapping them directly onto the image/s or around it/them using the suggested approaches and technologies (see above).

Image One: ‘Masculin/Feminin’ – Jürgen Klauke

I think that this image relates to the image chosen in part a of this task because it is showing the blurring lines between gender. The series of 13-part color photographic work is showing the merging of  the two genders together. It also relates in the sense of showing how gender is a performance, that it can be changed and come together as one.

Image Two: ‘Self-Portrait with cropped hair’ – Frida Kahlo

This is a painting which is oil on canvas and was painted after her divorce with Diego Riveria. She is wearing an over-sized suit and crimson shirt. Surrounding her are locks of hair and she is holding a pair of scissors and lock of hair in the other. The text near the top of the image translates to  “Look, if I loved you it was because of your hair. Now that you are without hair, I don’t love you anymore.” I chose this image in relation to the image selected in task A because when Frida Kahlo painted self-portraits, they were typically of her in a feminine way but now this is showing her in a different form and portraying a different gender. This shows how emotions can be shown through the use of gender, she is mourning for the loss of her husband and is starting to gain independence after her husband leaving

d. Upload the visual text exercise ‘Task A’ above, and also briefly reflect on:

• How this process helped focus your research/essay direction.

The process has helped me focus on my essay direction and researching because I am now able to understand how to look for the genre of the image and understand how to relates to the genre it is placed in. This has also helped me to understand what the actual subject is within the visual text. Finding focal points within the visual image is helpful to understand the overall context of the image

• How this process has helped develop your understanding of what is important to developing contextual knowledge or inter-textual relationships between the visual text/s?

It is important to develop understand because we first need to understand what the visual text is actually trying to tell us, once we understand that then we can create a contextual knowledge around the visual text. I am now able to research further into the topic and build a inter-textual relationship between the visual text and building research for my essay.

• The relevance of these ideas and process for you when making visual texts in the field of art or design practice that you are most interested in, or currently undertaking in Studio Papers

These processes have helped me to understand the relevance of the ideas and processes because it has helped me to understand how all texts can be relevant to a topic. It is helpful to understand these processes and ideas and be able to us them in my the field of art I am interested in. I am able to expand my knowledge and learn more about my topic interests as well.

Texts Referenced:

(Kwinter, Taia. “Trying on Gender with Self-Portraits and Props.” Hyperallergic RSS. N.p., 09 Mar. 2016. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.)

(Ruszkiewicz, John J., Daniel Anderson, and Christy Friend. “Reading Texts.” Beyond Words: Cultural Texts for Reading and Writing. Boston: Pearson, 2012. 9-39. Print.)

237130_A2_Week5_Task#2_Visual Analysis – Sturken and Cartwright _21/04/2016.

Fellig, Arthur. Their First Murder. 1941. The J. Paul Getty Museum, California, United States. The J. Paul Getty Museum. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Fellig, Arthur. Their First Murder. 1941. The J. Paul Getty Museum, California, United States. The J. Paul Getty Museum. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

When reading the analysis of the images ‘Their First Murder’. Within the  text it is discussed about the power that is held within the image. Wedge used these types of events to call attention  of the way we view images. What stood out in the discussion is the way that Weegee was able to capture multiple emotions within images. In the text, it states that we as viewers are as captivated as the children are within the image, the image calls on the way we look at a forbidden scene as well as capturing tense emotions on a still camera. (Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright 11)

Texts Referenced:

(Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright. “Images, Power and Politics.” Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 9-48. Print.)

237130_A2_Week5_Task#1_Visual Literacy _21/04/2016.

Édouard Manet, A Bar at Folies-Bergère, 1881-1882

Smart History Édouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergère, 1882 speaks to a single artwork and makes explicit the relationship between looking closely and making meaning in a visual analysis of an artwork. (Sourced from Stream)

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

Mind-Map created with mindmeister.com.

One idea taken from the text: Playing and distorting perspective to create emotions

This relates to the painting ‘Las Meninas‘ because its about the perspective of the painter as well as the audience. Where the painter actually is changes depending on the mirror within the text. In relation to the picture discussed within the video, they contain a mirror which plays with the perspective of the audience. ‘Las Meninas’ doesn’t really play with emotions as much as the other image does. Through the use of the mirror, it plays with the way the the artist perceives the subject and how the audience perceives it as well. We as the audience are captivated by the changing perspective and we start to question what the artist was actually trying to show us. The mirror also shows us that this is staged and constructed, the mirror isn’t a metaphor for the truth, they are the mirror of the visual world. Everything that we look at is constructed, based on our point of view, the mirror is a false as it is constructed.

Manet, Edouard. A Bar at the Folies-Bergère. 1882. Courtauld Institute of Art, London. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Manet, Edouard. A Bar at the Folies-Bergère. 1882. Courtauld Institute of Art, London. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Velázquez, Diego. Las Meninas. 1656. Museo Nacional Del Prado, Spain. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Velázquez, Diego. Las Meninas. 1656. Museo Nacional Del Prado, Spain. Artstor. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Texts Referenced and Link to video:

https://youtu.be/kMACjCg9r4E

(“Édouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergère, 1882.” YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.)

 

237130_A2_Week4_Task#4C_Visual Analysis _21/04/2016.

Amin, Tracey. I've Got It All. Digital image. A-n. A-n.co.uk, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

Amin, Tracey. I’ve Got It All. Digital image. A-n. A-n.co.uk, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

I decided to read the Rose, Gillian. “Visual Methodologies: A Review.” Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials. 3rd ed. London: SAGE, 2012. 346-347.Print and review a image that might be used within my essay. I responded to the questions that were stated under each title below.

Production:

The image was made in 2000, this image was made for herself as well as a public audience. This photo was taken on a DSLR camera, with a polaroid type frame around the edge of the image. As this image is a self-portrait, this is a personal photograph for a person to share publicly.

Image:

The image is showing the photographer sitting in a exposing, position holding coins and notes. She is sitting center of the image showing she is the main subject of the image. This is a single image and is shown on its own. The viewers eyes are drawn to the center of the image, as this is where we are taken by the trail of notes and coins. The use of color is mainly quite dull looking/ greyed out. The genre of the image is a narrative, she is trying to tell the audience something. The images draws on showing a certain posture or use of objects to get the viewer to think about what might be the background of the image, to story.  The image could be seen as contradictory because it could be rated as explicit as others may see it as artistic value.

Audience:

The original audience could have been the public in general or for her own personal connection.  The text would be displayed on its own or with other works from her portfolio. The recent audiences of this text are people who enjoy modern art, with an image that creates thinking and requires background. I think that this visual text would only have a title and date made as the caption. Other people have copied the same idea shown in the image, what we as a person is made of. There can be interpretations of this image, it leaves  the viewers with questions, wanting to know more about the image as well as the artist. Depending on the viewer of the visual text, each audience would engage differently than another group. Social identity can affect the viewing of the image. Some people could relate or enjoy the image whereas others may find the image too explicit or up front about the main idea being portrayed.

 

 

237130_A2_Week4_Task#4B_ Image Selection_14/04/2016.

Kahlo, Frida. The Broken Column. Digital image. Olga's Gallery. Abcgallery.com, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

Kahlo, Frida. The Broken Column. Digital image. Olga’s Gallery. Abcgallery.com, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

I have chosen this self-portrait by Frida Kahlo because I would like the use it as a comparison to an image within the book. I believe that this picture relates to the question because it is showing what she was like at the time of painting it, it was now something engraved into her identity as a person. This image is showing all she is, not leaving out any detail.


 

Amin, Tracey. I've Got It All. Digital image. A-n. A-n.co.uk, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

Emin, Tracey. I’ve Got It All. Digital image. A-n. A-n.co.uk, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2016.

This second image could almost be taken as explicit. I have chosen this image because I believe it is an example of what people show within their images in trying to get views. Having money in the image could be showing what type of status she holds. This could also be taken as some type of performance, like she is trying to portray some social issue. I believe that this connects to my question because it shows her identity as a person, this is showing the more contemporary self-portrait. In relation to Mirzoeff examples, I could use this in relation to the way ‘male gaze’ and how gender is shown within images.

Texts Referenced:

(Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “Chapter One. How to See Yourself”. How to See the World. London: Pelican, 2015. 31-69. Print)